Tortillas quotes to respond to by group.
In your groups, scan these pages for key points & quotes. One person should be in charge of typing your group’s findings and emailing this to me, firstname.lastname@example.org. We will compile your group findings here on this post.
Page 107: the immigrant tortilla
Page 75: timeline of New Spain > Mexico > Texas > USA
Here’s the info for the Ultimate Supreme Group.
Mexican Texas: a Timeline
How did the Hispanics adjust to the new settlers? (75)
In return for land, the newcomers swore allegiance to Mexico and the Catholic faith. Some lied, and others grabbed land for stipulation. But many of the Anglos simply wanted homestead because this was the American dream, a new life in a new land. (75)
1775: Immigration to California from Mexico begins
1821: Spanish colonies collapsed
1836: Texas broke off from Mexico
1848: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (ends US-Mex War, giving land)
1861: Texas secedes from the Union
1861-1865: Civil War
1911: Mexican revolution: Porfirio Diaz (President of Mexico)
To the California Anglos, Mexicans were Mexicans, all classes categorized as one. One label was easier to assign than figuring out who was mestizo, Indio, hidalgo, or full-blooded Spanish. […] For the particularly vocal segment of the new Anglo majority, the beef burrito, an acculturation food of the frontier, was the only aspect of the Mexican culture welcome in California. (79)
Page 67: La tortilla de harina
- “A distinctive feature of the northern frontier was the wheat flour tortilla. On Spanish ranches, in colonial settlements, and even in indigenous communities, mining villages, cities, and border towns, the women mixed locally milled White Sonora wheat flour with water, salt, and lard rendered from swine, a divergence from the traditional vegetarian corn tortilla” (67-68).
- Incorporated wheat (see above quote)
- Influenced by the wishes of Spaniards, who preferred the flour version
- “For sure, wheat competed with corn as the dominant crop, and the northern frontier people–a cultural and geographical region composed of present-day Sonora, Chihuahua, southeastern Arizona, and southern New Mexico–identified with the flour tortilla” (69).
- “Corn was easy and inexpensive to grow in small home plots[…]the corn tortilla symbolized their regional and national pride” (69-70).
- “…by the beginning of the nineteenth century, the flour tortilla evolved into the major tortilla consumed daily and in fiestas” (70).